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Norman Castles

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The Normans were originally Viking raiders, primarily from Denmark, who gained land in northern France at the beginning of the 10th century. Scandinavian warbands…

Motte and Bailey Castles

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Castles began to emerge in Europe as early as the 9th century, but the first structures that we can truly call ‘castles’ were motte-and-bailey…

Types of Castles

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Across Europe, in the medieval period, there were a huge number of different kinds of castles, with a very wide variety of form and…

Gothic Castles

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Gothic architecture, a style of design which developed from Romanesque architecture, emerged across Europe during the mid to late middle ages. Characterised by high…

Crusaders Castles

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The crusades were a series of religious conflicts lasting from 1095 until 1291, conducted with the backing of the Catholic church, that aimed to…

Medieval Manor Houses

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The manor house was primarily the residence of a lord of the manor during the medieval period. The feudal system of government and societal…

Concentric Castles

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Concentric castles represented a high point for medieval military architecture, and they were arguably the most formidable castles to be built during the period….

Stone Keep Castles

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Stone keep castles are quintessential medieval castles, the image that is conjured up in our minds when we think of the word ‘castle’. Primarily,…

Oldest Castles in the World

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There is something truly thrilling about visiting a castle built an entire millennium ago. If you are a castle enthusiast, it is particularly exciting…